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According to an expert, China’s current space program is probably only 10 to 15 years behind the US in technology.
Fifty years ago, when Apollo 11 astronauts became the first to set the Moon, China’s space program could not launch a satellite.
The fierce space race between the US and the Soviet Union caused Beijing’s space program to be lagged behind for 40 years, and it was not until 2003 that the country first introduced people into space.
But in recent years, as China has become richer and more powerful, its space program has grown rapidly, follow CNN.
With billions of dollars invested by the government, Beijing launched space and satellite laboratories into orbit, and even became the first country to bring satellites to the dark side of the Moon.
Chinese private companies are also investing in space research and related technologies. The country’s first successful private satellite launch took place in May 2018.
Beijing even has bigger ambitions, with the launch of programs to send astronauts to the Moon and then Mars.
“China is simply bigger than all other countries – they have more personnel, more engineers, more scientists,” said Blaine Curcio, founder of the space industry research company. Orbital Gateway Consulting, based in Hong Kong, said.
“The implication is that, if they (China) continue to improve and replicate, they will most likely become the leading power (space) at a time. The problem is only time.” .
When the space race began in the late 1950s, Chinese leader Mao Zedong once said: “We will also create satellites.”
It took more than 10 years for China to launch its first satellite – Dong Phuong Hong 1 – on April 24, 1970, the chaotic peak period of the Cultural Revolution.
Due to the heavy impact of scientific research activities during this period, then Chinese Prime Minister Zhou Enlai brought the space program into the military force to protect it, according to the state news agency. Xinhua News Agency.
Supported by economic reforms since the 1980s, China’s space program grew quietly until it first introduced people into space in 2003. Since then, Beijing has taken six The astronaut enters the universe and launches 2 space labs into the Earth’s orbit.
Thien Cung 2 space lab returned to Earth in a controlled demolition on July 19, after exceeding its 2-year life expectancy.
During the operation, Thien Cung 2 performed 14 missions and became a home for a group of astronauts, who participated in China’s longest space mission lasting 33 days.
In 2013, China became the third country after the US and Russia successfully landed on the Moon, after the Ngoc Tho 1 self-propelled vehicle landed on Earth’s satellite.
Beijing did even better than that in 2019, when the Ngoc Tho 2 self-propelled vehicle landed on the dark side of the Moon, an achievement that Jim Bridenstine, manager at the US Aerospace Agency (NASA), ca. praised as “the first time of humanity and an impressive achievement”.
Ngoc Tho 2’s main task is to research and explore an area previously untouched by mankind, and answer the question of whether the Moon’s pits have water or other resources.
In a statement, the China National Space Agency said the landing “opened a new chapter in the human’s moon exploration journey”.
It also shows how China’s space technology has improved.